「2020中考英语」介词归纳附2019年各省市中考真题


「2020中考英语」介词归纳附2019年各省市中考真题

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「2020中考英语」介词归纳附2019年各省市中考真题

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介词是一种虚词,在句中不单独作任何句子成分。介词可以用来表示地点、时间、方式等意义。

表示地点的介词

above,over,on和below,under

above指“在……上”,反义词为below;over指的是位于物体正上方,反义词为under;on意为“在……上面”,强调与物体表面接触。如:

A plane is flying above us.

I could hear the noise in the yard below my window.

There is a bridge over the river.

There is a ball under the teacher’s desk.

There are many books on the shelf.

across和through

across和through都有“从一边到另一边”的意思,across主要指 “(从某物的表面上)横过”;through主要指 “(从某物的空间内)穿过”。如:

Be careful when you walk across the road.

The old man went through the forest.

at和in

at和in

at和in后接地点名词时,at后通常为相对较小的地点,in后通常为相对较大的地点。如:

They arrived at our school yesterday.

Our teachers arrived in Beijing this morning.

in,on和to

in表示甲被包含在乙的范围内;on强调甲与乙接壤;to则常常指甲与乙互不包含,也不接壤。如:

Dalian is in the north of China.

Hubei is on the north of Hunan.

Australia lies to the south of China.

表示时间的介词

at,on 和in

at常用在具体的钟点之前;on与星期、具体的日期以及某天的上 / 下午、晚上等连用;in与年、月、季节以及单纯的上 / 下午、晚上等连用。如:

We often have supper at seven o’clock.

Bruce usually does some reading on Sunday afternoon.

My grandparents take exercise in the morning.

in和after

这两个词与段时间连用都可以表示“在一段时间以后”,但in常与一般将来时连用,而after常与一般过去时连用。如:

Do you think what our life will be like in one hundred years?

After three years, I found a job in a bank.

另外,after还可跟一时间点,而in则不可。如:after 3 o’ clock

for和since

for后面要跟段时间;since意思是“自……以来”,后面要跟过去的某一时间点。如:

My uncle has worked on the farm for ten years.

I’ve studied in the school since three years ago.

「2020中考英语」介词归纳附2019年各省市中考真题

表示方式的介词

by表示“通过……方式或方法”。如:

I usually go to school by bike.

Mary studies English by listening to tapes.

in表示“用……材料或语言”。如:

Can you say it in English?


with表示“用某一工具”。如:

He wrote a letter with a pen.

其他介词

besides和except

besides意为“除了……之外(还有)”,它的宾语被包括在句子中所表述的事情范围之内;except意为“除了……之外(不包括)”,表示后面的宾语不包括在内。如:

All the students cleaned the park besides Tom.

所有的学生都打扫公园了,包括汤姆在内。(汤姆也打扫了)

Everyone comes here except Mary.

除了玛丽,每个人都来这里了。(玛丽没来)

「2020中考英语」介词归纳附2019年各省市中考真题

中考真题专练

1. I want to learn a second foreign language ______ English. (2019甘肃天水)

A. except B. beside

C. besides D. except for

2. Beijing Expo 2019 opened to the public _______ 29th April. It will last over five months. (2019 江苏宿迁)

A. at B. in

C. on D. of

3. In the world, more than 30% of schools do not provide safe drinking water _________ about 570 million children. (2019 山东临沂)

A. with B. for C. towards

4. The high-speed train ________ Qingdao and Beijing travels faster now. The train ride takes only about three hours. (2019 山东青岛)

A. from B. among

C. in D. between

5. —Do you have this T-shirt in a different color?

—I’m afraid not. It only comes ________ red. (2019 四川乐山)

A. of B. in C. for

6. — Look, there is a cute bird, Mom.

— It flew into our kitchen _________ the window just now, Alex. (2019 四川凉山)

A. across B. through

C. above D. under

7. To my great joy, my family is always ________ me whatever I decide to do. (2019 湖北孝感)

A. behind B. to

C. from D. against

8. Let’s take a walk _______ the river after dinner, shall we? (2019 江苏无锡)

A. along B. through

C. upon D. over

9. Ben was helping his mother when the rain began to beat heavily ______ the windows. (2019 内蒙古呼和浩特)

A. against B. across

C. above D. below

10. ________ the help of modern technology, scientists got a photo of a black hole. (2019 江苏淮安)

A. At B. In

C. On D. With

参考答案

1-5 CCBDB 6-10 BAAAD

责编 | 杨宁

审稿 | 李栋

校稿 | 吕放

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